Online Joint Seminar by HKUST-ACE and EDSSC

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Defect tolerant in-memory analog computing with CMOS-integrated nanoscale crossbars

10:00am - 11:00am
Registration URL: https://hkust.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJwvcOyqqjMsH9xWFeZcuuczBjAAMkxNopmp

Analog computing pre-dates digital computing but has been long forgotten due to the fast development of the latter. While very powerful, digital computing is highly inefficient at performing perception related tasks, and the problem becomes increasingly significant with the fast development of artificial intelligence and transistor scaling approaching their physical (and economic) limit. Since memristors were experimentally shown in 2008 by Hewlett Packard Labs, researchers have been extensively exploring their capability to store and process information in the analog domain.

 

Despite great promises shown in the laboratory environment, memristor crossbar, or non-volatile resistive analog memory, based matrix multiplication accelerators, has remained a high risk, particularly in device performance and peripheral circuitry. In this talk, I will present our recent progress in tackling those challenges. First, we have operated using directly integrated CMOS and nanoscale memristors for fully on-chip read/write/computing demonstrations. We operate in a much lower power regime, program with fine control, and demonstrated a multi-layer convolutional neural network. Due to the intrinsic stochastic nature of the memristor device, unexpected computing errors still occur, which, in many cases, are fatal in many applications. To make the computing system tolerant of device defects, we explored two possible solutions. The first method is the in-situ training directly on the crossbar, to self-adapt defects during the training process. The second method is a novel analog error correcting code, that detects and corrects error outliers that exceed a predefined threshold. We expect the schemes introduced here to make analog computing more feasible.

When
Time
10:00am - 11:00am
Where
Registration URL: https://hkust.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJwvcOyqqjMsH9xWFeZcuuczBjAAMkxNopmp
Event Format
Speakers / Performers:
Prof. Can Li
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Hong Kong

Dr. Can Li is currently an Assistant Professor at the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EEE) of the University of Hong Kong (HKU), working on analog and neuromorphic computing accelerators based on post-CMOS emerging devices (e.g. memristors), for efficient machine/deep learning, network security, signal processing, etc. Before that, He spent two years at Hewlett Packard Labs in Palo Alto, California, and obtained his Ph.D. from University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and B.S./M.S. from Peking University.

Language
English
Recommended For
Faculty and staff
PG students
Organizer
Department of Electronic & Computer Engineering
Contact

Prof, Qiming Shao (email : eeqshao@ust.hk)

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