Thesis Examination Committee
Prof Xiaojun ZHANG, ISOM/HKUST (Chairperson)
Prof Amine BERMAK, ECE/HKUST (Thesis Supervisor)
Prof George Jie YUAN, ECE/HKUST (Thesis Co-supervisor)
Prof Shahriar MIRABBASI, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia (External Examiner)
Prof Howard Cam LUONG, ECE/HKUST
Prof Kevin Jing CHEN, ECE/HKUST
Prof Pedro SANDER, CSE/HKUST
With the advent of ever pervasive electronics, energy consumption is becoming more and more important. Sensor systems with their readout circuits are ubiquitous in these systems. Designing low energy circuits, to enable longer battery lifetime or energy harvesting, is crucial. The design of analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) for these breed of circuits is extremely challenging, especially when high resolutions are required.
This thesis makes two main contributions. In the ﬁrst part, we examine the energy-eﬃciency of incremental ADCs (IADCs), by developing a theoretical model based on noise considerations. Minimum bounds of power consumption and energy-eﬃciency are presented. A case study and design example are presented to see how well real circuits adhere to these bounds.
In the second part, we propose a capacitor scaling technique that exploits the uneven weightage of the decimation ﬁlter, to improve the energy eﬃciency of the overall ADC. Coupled with a novel 3-step quantization approach, the ADC is fabricated in 0.18um technology and achieves a 102.2 dB dynamic range within a 2.04 kHz bandwidth for a state-of-the-art energy efficiency.